This article has been written by Shikha Mishra, a student at the University of Kota.
The concept of recent education was brought in India by British colonial power ruling our country within the late 18th century. In the presidencies of Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta; the education system was first developed. In the early 19th century, the Indian National Congress required a national education system that emphasized more on vocational and technical training. Congress boycotted all the govt. schools and introduced national colleges and schools within the year 1920. As per Nehru, education was important at that point to unite the divided India, which was divided on the idea of faith, caste, and wealth. After the independence of India, the curricula of faculties were imbued with the themes of national pride and inclusiveness, where importance was given to India’s diverse culture; in order that everyone could board tranquillity side by side jointly nation.1 The approach that was adopted by Nehru helped in spreading the values of pluralist perspective within the minds of individuals of India. The education that was subsidized through institutions like IIMs and IITs is remembered as a really pivotal contribution of then Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru. Besides this, the principle of positive discrimination was adopted in order that no underprivileged people would be left behind in getting a high-quality education. The Kothari Commission2 was formed within the year 1964. As per this commission, the most purpose of education is to extend the sensation of social and national unity, strengthen democracy, increase productivity and augment the moral, social and spiritual values within the minds of Indian people. So as to realize this, the main target was totally on the accessibility of free and compulsory education for all the youngsters up to the age of 14 years.
Development of National Policy on Education
The Rajiv Gandhi government introduced the National Education Policy within the year 1986, the aim of which was to arrange India for the 21st century. This policy focused on access to education which should reach the agricultural areas. The priority was given to mathematics and science education to reinforce the organizational support for the tutorial system to tackle the matter of lack of quality education. Operation Blackboard3 was an initiative introduced within the year 1987 to enhance the physical and human resources that were available for primary schools. In 1995, the National Program for Nutritional Support to Primary Education was introduced that provided cooked meals a day for all those children who were in classes 1-5 of the govt. aided schools.
NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY, 2020
The Union Cabinet on 29th July 2020 approved the National Education Policy with an aim to bring many changes within the education system starting at the varsity level right up to teaching. The policy was introduced to motivate a restructuring within the pedagogical system from this 10+2 to 5+3+3+4 structure (that will ensure one regulator for higher education). Further, the new policy focuses on imparting education in the first language until class 5 and also proposes that there should be no rigid separation between the streams of Arts and science furthermore because of the regular and vocational courses at both teaching and faculty level. The National Education Policy, 2020 is drafted under the supervision of academician K. Kasturirangan in consultation with other members of the committee.4
Salient Features of National Education Policy, 2020
• The most significant purpose of the policy is to make sure universal access to high school education with appropriate support of infrastructure and innovative education Centre’s so dropouts are going to be reduced from schools and colleges.
• The National Educational Technology Forum is going to be formed to allow a platform for the exchange of views and concepts by utilization of technology in various areas of education.
• Higher Education Commission of India is going to be established as one umbrella body for the complete educational activity, excluding legal and medical education.
• There are going to be the formation of the National Research Foundation as an apex body to strengthen the research culture and improve the capacity of upper education.
• There are going to be the formation of an educational Bank of Credit to store Academic credit digitally earned from teaching. This can be transferred and counted towards the ultimate degree.
• National Assessment Centre (PARAKH) are going to be established as a regular body for the aim of assessment.
• For the recruitment of teachers and a sturdy career path, a National Professional Standards for teachers are going to be established by the NCERT by 2022.
• For gender equality and universal access to education, the Gender Inclusive Fund and special educational zones are founded within the country.
• Further, National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for infancy Care and Education are going to be developed by the NCERT for kids old up to eight years.
• The National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy are founded by the Ministry of Human and Resource Development to organize a thought for the implementation of accomplishing universal foundational literacy and numeracy in most the first schools for all the learners by the year 2025.
• Bal Bhavans are going to be established in order that students can participate in art related, play-related and career-related activities.
NEP 2020 lays out an encouragingly hopeful vision for the long run if successive governments can stay faithful it. However, for it to be a very national vision, it might be appropriate for it to be discussed and adopted by Parliament within the manner that the National Policy on Education 1986 was, which allowed it to face the test of your time. Without parliamentary approval, any such policy remains an executive decision which runs the chance of being arbitrarily overturned by a future government.
(i) Rustom Kerewalla .Invest in the future, available at https://www.thehindu.com/education/a-robust-education-system-is-needed-for-india-is-to-re-establish-itself-as-a-knowledge-hub/article32302001.ece
(ii) Kothari Commission, available at https://r.search.yahoo.com/_ylt=Awr9KRFYsi5fWmkAv2FXNyoA;_ylu=X3oDMTByM3V1YTVuBGNvbG8DZ3ExBHBvcwMzBHZ0aWQDBHNlYwNzcg–/RV=2/RE=1596924633/RO=10/RU=https%3a%2f%2fwww.yourarticlelibrary.com%2feducation%2fkothari-education-commission-1964-66%2f76816/RK=2/RS=5Kmp_1YIVzH9RvC894YG3zGB8wQ-
(iii) Operation Blackboard, available at https://r.search.yahoo.com/_ylt=Awr9CW.Ssi5fSWkAzTlXNyoA;_ylu=X3oDMTByb2lvbXVuBGNvbG8DZ3ExBHBvcwMxBHZ0aWQDBHNlYwNzcg–/RV=2/RE=1596924690/RO=10/RU=https%3a%2f%2fwww.educationforallinindia.com%2fpage72.html/RK=2/RS=tPP83e_7SkagTY2WWSzBodQl3Ac-
(iv) Sanjay Sharma, New Education Policy, 2020, available at https://r.search.yahoo.com/_ylt=Awr469zbsi5frDYAwhhXNyoA;_ylu=X3oDMTByb2lvbXVuBGNvbG8DZ3ExBHBvcwMxBHZ0aWQDBHNlYwNzcg–/RV=2/RE=1596924763/RO=10/RU=https%3a%2f%2ftimesofindia.indiatimes.com%2fhome%2feducation%2fnews%2fnational-education-policy-2020-all-you-need-to-know%2farticleshow%2f77239854.cms/RK=2/RS=PbWdxNun0dnzX5cUs56vbZ8ObmM-