Right To Education And Its Recognition In India
By Mohd Nabeel Hussain, Jamia Millia Islamia University.*
Right to Education under Article 26 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights(UDHR) its influence in recognition of Right to Education under Indian Law( affordability and availability) comparison with other countries. Right to Education is a introductory mortal Right. Constitution of India imposes the obligation on the government to give education to the citizens. Rights are furnished in Part III of the Indian Constitution as abecedarian rights. The Constitution guarantees six abecedarian rights to Indian citizens and right to freedom of educational rights is one of them. Right to education is included in the right to life preserved in Article 21 of the Constitution of India which provides right to live with quality. A person cannot be assured of mortal quality unless his personality is developed and the only way to do that is to educate him. The Statutory or Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976 included the subject ‘Education” in the Concurrent List of the VII Schedule of the Indian Constitution which enables the Union Government to make law on this subject. Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 passed by the Indian Parliament on August 4, 2009, came into force from 1st April 2010. The Act promises to insure education for all children between 6 and 14.The main purpose of this exploration paper is to point out the government succeeded in its motive by passing the Right to Education Act or has failed in furnishing right to education.
Keywords : Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), Fundamental Right, Human Right, Right to Education, Statutory or Constitutional Amendment Act , Concurrent List.
* The author is a third-year student pursuing B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) from Jamia Millia Islamia University.