Tracing The History Of The Sale Of Goods Act, 1930
Suryansh Singh, National Law Institute University, Bhopal.*
Chapter 7 of the Indian Contract Act 1872 was used to oversee the sale of products in India until July 1, 1930. The Indian Contract Act is based on the English common law, and the Indian law dealing to the sale of goods followed the common law principles, including the law merchant, as codified in 1893. India by 1920 discovered that the Indian contract act 1872's chapter 7 provisions dealing to goods sales were not appropriate, and that some sections of this branch needed to be reworked to keep pace with the changing nature of mercantile transactions. The sale of goods act of 1893, which incorporated judicial judgements in England, contained no accretions to English law on sales of goods. In 1926-27, the legislative department conducted a thorough review of the Indian contract act's case law dealing to the sale of goods and concluded that a new enactment was needed to deal with these transactions. By 1928, a bill draught had been created. Chapter 7 of the 1872 Indian Contract Legislation was repealed by the Indian Sale of Goods act in 1930 after it had been evaluated by a select committee of distinguished attorneys and jurists in 1929. Lawmakers in India and England were inspired by the British Sale of Goods Act, which was reworked by the courts in the two countries. In this paper I have presented a comprehensive history with reference to the History of the Sale of goods act. And carried out research on individual properties of the act in an attempt to decode the colonial influence and demystify the evolution of the act.
* Second year, Law student pursuing BA. LLB. (Hons.) from National Law Institute University, Bhopal.