Analysis On Inter-State Water Disputes And Application Of International Laws In India
By Shravani Vasuduhitri Babureddy, Christ University.*
Water is the most important resource for all living beings, production of food, basic human necessities and maintaining a healthy ecosystem. It is a renewable but limited natural resource where it needs to be protected for using sustainably. This research paper emphasizes on the distribution of water resources and explains the concept of water disputes. The conflict of water has come into existence because of sharing of water across the political boundaries. A large number of inter-state conflicts and transnational conflicts of water are faced in India, as well as other countries. But there is an evidential increase of cases of water disputes in India compared to other countries. Several national legislations have come into existence like the Inter-state Water Disputes Act and River Boards Act which are relating to the concept of protection of environment, conservation of forests and control of pollution. The concept of sharing of water resources and water disputes prevailed in other countries also. But there are particular standards to be protected.
Keywords: Inter State Water Dispute; Act; Project; Resolution; Adjudication; Redressal; Negotiation; Tribunals; Awards; Parliament; Government of India; Environmental Protection.
* The author is an LL.M. Candidate at Christ University.