CONCEPT OF ADOPTION- HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF ADOPTION IN INDIA


Neha Bhowmik, Presidency University, Bangalore


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ABSTRACT


Adoption as a development of a family has drawn overall research since three decades. India as one of the antiquated nations in the Asian mainland has experienced real changes in the field of adoption. From a casually embracing male child for performing last customs after the demise of the received guardians, India has demonstrated dynamic changes. Amid the social change in the 1950's, India centered around discovering home for relinquished, dejected, ill-conceived and surrendered children.


The subject matter of this paper deals with comprehensive analysis of adoption law in India and how the adoption law around the world do not have much impact on India’s adoption law. Practice of adoption is been followed since many decades but the law for adoption came in the 19th Century. There are various religions in India but there is no particular adoption law governing the adoption of all religions. Till now in India there is only one personal law governing adoption that is Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956.


This paper also deals with historical prospective of adoption in India, Condition for adoption which is more important to adopt any children, and in what way they can adopt what are the procedure of adoption , how people from another country can adopt what ere the rule regulation or what procedure they ned follow for adopt children from other country is also mentioned. When the potential adopters are same-sex couples, who are willing to adopt children and create a family together. Currently, not all states permit same-sex couples to adopt.Many lesbian, gay, and bisexual people would like to be parents. In this situation second parent adoption (also called a co-parent adoption), joint adoption.



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