LAW OF ABORTION IN INDIA AND IT’S IMPACT ON HUMAN RIGHTS
Manthan Sharma, United world School of Law
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Abortion is considered as one of the most debatable issue across the world. There is no denying the fact that though India has successfully formulated laws regulating abortions but the high rate of illegal and harmful abortion depicts the fallibility of this law. It is because of several reasons such as restrictive approach in understanding women’s rights, role of consent, inflexibility and so on. Nearly 6.4 million pregnancies are terminated every year in India. Unsafe abortion, the third leading cause of maternal deaths in the country, contributes 8% of all such deaths annually. It is high time for us to acknowledge and respect women’s privacy in this regard. Privacy includes at its core the preservation of personal intimacies, the sanctity of family life, marriage, procreation, the home and sexual orientation. Privacy also connotes a right to be left alone. It safeguards individual autonomy and recognizes the ability of the individual to control vital aspects of his or her life. Personal choices governing a way of life are intrinsic to privacy. The right to life and liberty would encompass the right to sexual autonomy, and freedom of expression.
Keywords: Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, Abortions, Human Rights Violations, Women’s Health, Women’s Privacy and Autonomy.