Surbhi Singh, Galgotias University
Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of India. It is situated in the northern part of India and shares boundary with Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and an international border with Nepal.
As per details from Census 2011, Uttar Pradesh has population of 19.98 Crores, an increase from figure of 16.62 Crore in 2001 census. Total population of Uttar Pradesh as per 2011 census is 199,812,341 of which male and female are 104,480,510 and 95,331,831 respectively. In 2001, total population was 166,197,921 in which males were 87,565,369 while females were 78,632,552. The total population growth in this decade was 20.23 percent while in previous decade it was 25.80 percent. The population of Uttar Pradesh forms 16.50 percent of India in 2011. In 2001, the figure was 16.16 percent.